Cal Poly's Digital Publishing Glossary


Kennedy Library's Digital Publishing Glossary is a collaborative project to create a common vocabulary to define terms the curious scholar is likely to encounter when authoring or engaging with digital projects. The glossary began as the work of a team of librarians to identify terms and create subjective language to support a community of practice around digital publishing.  This is an active work in progress, and we welcome feedback, both in terms and in design.  This was partially funded by the Cal Poly Center for Expressive Technology.
The group consists of jaime ding, Zach Vowell, Russ White, Laura Sorvetti, and Catherine Trujillo, with additional help from Sarah Lester, Danielle Daugherty and Mercedes Rutherford-Patten. Solena Aguilar and Tyler Matsuzaki supported the UX/UI design of this page. 

How to use this glossary

This glossary consists of 115 terms, and is currently under construction. If you are interested in joining this work, please contact jpding@calpoly.edu

TERMS

Algorithms

a sequence of computer-implementable instructions, often performed by a computer but designed by people, teams and organizations. While in some cases code underlying algorithms may be abstract, when implemented in practice, designers’ biases, values, and assumptions shape their algorithms. In addition, biases in datasets and real-world behaviors can create harm and have many unanticipated consequences. Algorithms must become more transparent, and open to critique by users; as a tool, they should not be seen as neutral.
the group

tools Icon 2902716 Code language, maths, sorting – while the shortest path may be what the algorithm dictates, the data/determination of ‘shortest’ will still add in a larger context. History Icon 626227 Any digital tool that has a search or index. “Google’s algortihmic conceptualizations ….dominant narratives reflect the kinds of hegemonic frameworks and notions that are often resisted by women and people of color.” (24, Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble) – OneSearch, Google (Google Scholar), apps (social media, dating apps, mapping apps, etc.) cost Icon 126825 N/A

RELATED TERMS
Tool, Digital Archives, Content Management System, Indexing

 

example term
  collaborative, written definition
author and sources

tools Icon 2902716 Tools to use this term History Icon 626227 Examples of this term cost Icon 126825 monetary cost

RELATED TERMS
Other terms in the glossary 

 

API (Application Programming Interface)

  A common mechanism that allows a person or software application to programmatically connect to data, other software applications, or websites. It defines the kinds of calls or requests that can connect, how to make the requests, the data formats that should be used, the conventions to follow, authentication required, etc. Imagine a vending machine, and you (or a bot) are the user – the API is the keypad that you request the machine to deliver your Takis.
the group, with help from Wikipedia 

tools Icon 2902716 API Platform Users can use APIs via a URL or a specific programming langauge; programmers must build APIs specific to what they are developing. History Icon 626227 Public APIs; Dropbox Developers; Twitter Developer API Documentation; Art Institution of Chicago cost Icon 126825 must be constructed and maintained

RELATED TERMS
Endpoint, REST, GUI (antonym)

 

Archive

An organization that collects, organizes, describes, preserves, and provides access to records of continuing value. These organizations include corporate archives, community archives, cultural archives, and academic archives. We distinguish “archive” from “archives” because we want to point out the labor and expertise of the archive staff and the often hidden costs of long-term stewardship of records. Archives have historically been tied to the discipline of English-speaking, Eurocentric History and as a result have disproportionately prioritized collecting records relating to this dominant culture, prominent individuals, and government. At Kennedy Library we aim to move the archive away from this historic legacy and instead to work with the Central Coast community to represent and reflect the diversity of the communities we serve.
the group, Michelle Caswell “The Archive is not an Archives”

tools Icon 2902716 People in the Archive: Laura Sorvetti & Zach Vowell & Jessica Holada.  History Icon 626227 Special Collections and Archives; National Archives (US); South Asian American Digital Archive; Interference Archive cost Icon 126825 Special Collections and Archive Budget

RELATED TERMS
Archives, Digital Archive, Special Collections

 

Archives

Records or documentation (typically written word, but also images, audiovisual recordings, art, objects) that are recognized as having ongoing value (historical, cultural, accountability, institutional decision making) and are actively preserved and stewarded by an archive (in a physical building, a digital repository with digital preservation functionality) for the general public to use. The records can be digitized (such as scanned), or created as a digital record in the first place. Human biases shape archives as collections, and the archives as a result need maintainence by collective efforts.
the group, see more: https://dictionary.archivists.org/entry/archives.html; B. M. Watson, Please stop calling things archives;

tools Icon 2902716 Creating archives may follow the ethnics of care. See more resources that Kennedy Library is following. History Icon 626227 University Art Collection  cost Icon 126825 See cost of an Archive

RELATED TERMS
Archive, Digital Archive, Digital Preservation, Digital Repositiory

 

creative commons

Creative Commons is a “global nonprofit organization that enables sharing and reuse of creativity and knowledge through the provision of free legal tool to increase the amount of openly licensed creativity in “the commons” by providing copyright licenses and public domain tools that give every person and organization in the world a free, simple, and standardized way to grant copyright permissions for creative and academic works; ensure proper attribution; and allow others to copy, distribute, and make use of those works.”
Creative Commons 

tools Icon 2902716Creative Common’s Guide to Share Your Work

History Icon 626227 Materials incorporating Creative Commons: Creative Commons; Usage from Affect the Verb;

Databases that use Creative Commons: Images from Flickr ; Soundcloud Music ; Creative Commons Org

cost Icon 126825 N/A

RELATED TERMS
copyright, copyleft, public, public domain, open access

 

public

We wanted to provide this definition of “public” in order to point out the nuance of language: the idea of “public” in terms of online may have nuance that is different from a “public park.” Not necessarily “free of costs,” public-facing scholarship needs to consider assumed audience(s). Access/accessibility for different audiences (which also does not mean “dumbing down”) includes technical access, ideological access, and the need to facilitate a common understanding for general engagement.

the group

examples

When we choose to go “Private” to “Public” on websites/accounts, who is “Public” we imagine? Some newspapers, archives, and scholarly journals charge money for public access.

tools

N/A

Archive

An organization that collects, organizes, describes, preserves, and provides access to records of continuing value. These organizations include corporate archives, community archives, cultural archives, and academic archives. We distinguish “archive” from “archives” because we want to point out the labor and expertise of the archive staff and the often hidden costs of long-term stewardship of records. Archives have historically been tied to the discipline of English-speaking, Eurocentric History and as a result have disproportionately prioritized collecting records relating to this dominant culture, prominent individuals, and government. At Kennedy Library we aim to move the archive away from this historic legacy and instead to work with the Central Coast community to represent and reflect the diversity of the communities we serve.

tools

the Archivist, Laura Sorvetti & Zach Vowell & Jessica Holada. Additional resources to begin thinking about an archive are compiled here.

open access

A digital publication that makes research information available to readers at no cost. In contrast to paywalled subscription-based access to academic literature, this does not mean that publications do not cost money to create (paid for by the university, the author, or other non-profits). Often used by scholars, libraries, and for-profit publishers to refer to a different monetary system of publishing.

Examples

Directory of Open Access Journals, OER Commons, Critical Digital Pedagogy
*note that there are still costs towards the publisher, which sometimes are pushed towards the author through APC: article publishing charges.

topic

Quantitative Reasoning, Numericy

Examples

Open Journal Systems (OJS), Digital Commons